Enhanced peripheral vasodilation in humans after a fatty meal

Citation
Ot. Raitakari et al., Enhanced peripheral vasodilation in humans after a fatty meal, J AM COL C, 36(2), 2000, pp. 417-422
Citations number
32
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems","Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
JOURNAL OF THE AMERICAN COLLEGE OF CARDIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0735-1097 → ACNP
Volume
36
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
417 - 422
Database
ISI
SICI code
0735-1097(200008)36:2<417:EPVIHA>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
OBJECTIVES We sought to study the effects of a fatty meal on vascular react ivity, including endothelial function and maximal vasodilation. BACKGROUND Recent reports regarding the physiological changes in peripheral vasculature after eating a fatty meal have been controversial. METHODS Twelve volunteers were studied before, 3 h after, and 6 h after a h igh-fat meal (1030 kcal, 61 g fat) rich in saturated fatty acids, and 10 we re restudied after a similar meal rich in monounsaturated fatty acids. Endo thelial function was assessed as flow-mediated dilatation (FMD) in the brac hial artery using ultrasound. Resting and postischemic forearm blood flow ( FBF) were recorded using venous occlusion strain-gauge plethysmography, bef ore, and every 10 to 15 s after, 5 min upper arm ischemia. RESULTS Brachial artery basal diameter, resting FBF and postischemic hypere mia increased after high-fat meats (all p < 0.001), whereas FMD did not cha nge. The increase in resting FBF correlated with increases in postprandial insulin (r = 0.80, p < 0.002) and triglyceride (r = 0.77, p < 0.005) levels . CONCLUSIONS We concluded that eating a fatty meal induces vasodilation and increases resting and stimulated FBF and that these observations are probab ly mediated by postprandial changes in insulin and/or triglyceride levels. The metabolic changes that occur after meals are not associated with impair ed endothelial nitric oxide release in the conduit arteries, (C) 2000 by th e American College of Cardiology.