Knowledge and opinions about organ donation among urban high school students: pilot test of a health education program

Citation
M. Weaver et al., Knowledge and opinions about organ donation among urban high school students: pilot test of a health education program, CLIN TRANSP, 14(4), 2000, pp. 292-303
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Surgery
Journal title
CLINICAL TRANSPLANTATION
ISSN journal
0902-0063 → ACNP
Volume
14
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Part
1
Pages
292 - 303
Database
ISI
SICI code
0902-0063(200008)14:4<292:KAOAOD>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
Background: Increasing the diversity of the organ donor pool might improve the opportunities for people of color on organ transplant waiting lists to receive donated organs. We report on the results of a pilot classroom healt h education program to improve knowledge about organ donation and transplan tation among a diverse student body at an urban high school. Methods: The effectiveness of the educational program was evaluated with ba seline and follow-up questionnaires which examined: 1) whether the program increased knowledge about organ donation; 2) whether the students' opinions about organ donation changed; and 3) whether the program was related to an y changes in opinion. Results: On the follow-up questionnaire, correct answers on 15 factual ques tions increased by 18% for the treatment group, compared to 5% for the cont rol group (p = 0.00). Regarding opinions, at baseline 92% of white students had positive opinions about donation, compared to 48% of the students of c olor (p = 0.00). In the follow-up survey, the increase in positive opinions among the students of color was significantly greater than among white stu dents (p = 0.04). In this pilot study, however, changes in opinions occurre d with equal frequency among students in the treatment and control groups. In regression analysis, both knowledge of the subject and discussing donati on with one's family were significantly associated with positive opinions a bout donation. Conclusions: Overall, this pilot study provided encouraging evidence that t he classroom health education program affected knowledge about organ donati on, and that opinions about organ donation are responsive to increases in k nowledge.