Stone tools in carnivore sites: The case of Bois Roche

Citation
P. Villa et M. Soressi, Stone tools in carnivore sites: The case of Bois Roche, J ANTHR RES, 56(2), 2000, pp. 187-215
Citations number
81
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Sociology & Antropology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF ANTHROPOLOGICAL RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0091-7710 → ACNP
Volume
56
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
187 - 215
Database
ISI
SICI code
0091-7710(200022)56:2<187:STICST>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
The repetitive co-occurrence of small numbers of lithic artifacts and large quantities of animal bones bearing traces of carnivore action at several c aves in Europe has been recently interpreted to mean that Neandertals and e arlier hominids scavenged carcasses that had fallen into karstic cavities o r been brought into a den by carnivores. Hypotheses of scavenging by Europe an hominids have been tested rising zooarchaeological methods. However, not enough attention has been paid to the usefulness of lithic analysis proced ures, such as edge damage and studies of reduction sequences, to check the nature of the stone and bone associations before interpreting them in behav ioral terms. At the site of Bois Roche, an Upper Pleistocene hyena den with a small number of artifacts, we show that bones and stones have accumulate d independently and that lithics have been introduced by natural transport processes, such as gravity and slope wash. Analytical procedures like ours should be used to test for redeposition before accepting a hypothesis of hu man scavenging from karstic cavities.