Fictive kin among oldest old African Americans in the San Francisco Bay area

Authors
Citation
Cl. Johnson, Fictive kin among oldest old African Americans in the San Francisco Bay area, J GERONT B, 54(6), 1999, pp. S368-S375
Citations number
57
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science","Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
JOURNALS OF GERONTOLOGY SERIES B-PSYCHOLOGICAL SCIENCES AND SOCIAL SCIENCES
ISSN journal
1079-5014 → ACNP
Volume
54
Issue
6
Year of publication
1999
Pages
S368 - S375
Database
ISI
SICI code
1079-5014(199911)54:6<S368:FKAOOA>2.0.ZU;2-8
Abstract
Objectives. The purpose here is to identify those processes that account fo r the more active and supportive kinship networks among Black oldest old th an found among their White age peers. Methods. Focused interviews were conducted with 122 Blacks 85 years and old er. Both open-ended and semistructured questions were asked in order to det ermine how Blacks defined family and kinship membership, their expectations for kin, and the desired levels of reciprocity. Findings. A content analysis of the responses indicated that Blacks defined the boundaries of their families flexibly so as to include fictive kin, an d they upgraded more distant kin into the status of primary kin. They also emphasized the importance of collateral relatives so as to expand the size of the network. Discussion. These processes use personal choices as well as immediate needs to expand the basis of relatedness beyond blood and marriage. Thus the sup portive capacities of networks increase in order to serve a potentially vul nerable population.