Cardiac and smooth muscle cell contribution to the formation of the murinepulmonary veins

Citation
C. Millino et al., Cardiac and smooth muscle cell contribution to the formation of the murinepulmonary veins, DEV DYNAM, 218(3), 2000, pp. 414-425
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cell & Developmental Biology
Journal title
DEVELOPMENTAL DYNAMICS
ISSN journal
1058-8388 → ACNP
Volume
218
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
414 - 425
Database
ISI
SICI code
1058-8388(200007)218:3<414:CASMCC>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Previous studies have demonstrated that the primordial pulmonary veins orig inate as an outgrowth of the atrial cells and anastomosis with the pulmonar y venous plexus, As a consequence of this embryologic origin the tunica med ia of these vessels is composed of cardiac cells that express atrial specif ic markers (Lyons et al, [1990] J Cell Biol 111:2427-2436; Jones et al, [19 94] Dev Dyn 200:117-128), We used transgenic mice for the cardiac troponin I (cTNI) gene and smooth muscle (SM) myosin heavy chain as differentiation markers, to analyze how cardiac and SM cells contribute to the formation an d structural remodeling of the pulmonary veins during development, We show here that the tunica media of the adult mouse pulmonary veins contains an o uter layer of cardiac cells and an intermediate SM cell compartment lining down on the inner endothelium, This structural organization is well express ed in the intrapulmonary veins from the beginning of vasculogenesis, with c ardiac cells accumulating over preexisting roots of endothelial and SM cell s and extending to the third bifurcation of the pulmonary branches without reaching the more distal tips of the vessels, On the other hand, SM cells, which are widely distributed in the intrapulmonary veins from the embryonic stage E16, accumulate also in the extrapulmonary branches and reach the po sterior wall of the left atrium, including the orifices of the pulmonary ve ins, This event takes place around birth when the pulmonary blood flow star ts to function properly, A model for the development of the pulmonary veins is presented, based upon our analysis. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, Inc.