Familial cavernous hemangioma - An expanding ocular spectrum

Citation
D. Sarraf et al., Familial cavernous hemangioma - An expanding ocular spectrum, ARCH OPHTH, 118(7), 2000, pp. 969-973
Citations number
25
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Optalmology,"da verificare
Journal title
ARCHIVES OF OPHTHALMOLOGY
ISSN journal
0003-9950 → ACNP
Volume
118
Issue
7
Year of publication
2000
Pages
969 - 973
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-9950(200007)118:7<969:FCH-AE>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
Objective: To describe the clinical and genetic findings in a family with m ultiple cases of cavernous hemangiomas. Design: Investigational clinical and genetic study in which 3 generations o f a family consisting of 12 members were screened with magnetic resonance b rain imaging, dilated ophthalmoscopic examination, and cutaneous survey cou pled with linkage analysis to determined affected individuals and to better define manifestations of this neuro-oculo-cutaneous syndrome. Results: The proband had multiple cerebral cavernous hemangiomas and a chor oidal hemangioma. Her son was found to harbor a retinal cavernous hemangiom a. The proband's sister manifested a cerebral cavernous hemangioma cutaneou s hemangiomas, and a presumed choroidal hemangioma; her daughter demonstrat ed radiological findings suggestive of a cerebral cavernous hemangioma. The father of the proband demonstrated multiple, cutaneous hemangiomas. The re maining family members were free of lesions. The 7q locus could not be excl uded as harboring the causative gene. Conclusions: This family may have a dominantly inherited neuro-oculo-cutane ous condition of cavernous hemangiomas with variable expressivity. The pres ence of choroidal hemangiomas in this phacomatosis has not been described p reviously to our knowledge. Clinical Relevance: The presence of either retinal cavernous or choroidal h emangioma should alert the physician to search for features suggestive of s ystemic and familial involvement; either lesion may constitute the ocular c omponent of the neuro-oculo-cutaneous phacomatosis, sometimes referred to a s cavernoma multiplex.