Transformation of BALB3T3 cells caused by over-expression of rat CD98 heavy chain(HC) requires its association with light chain: Mis-sense mutation in a cysteine residue of CD98HC eliminates its transforming activity

Citation
T. Shishido et al., Transformation of BALB3T3 cells caused by over-expression of rat CD98 heavy chain(HC) requires its association with light chain: Mis-sense mutation in a cysteine residue of CD98HC eliminates its transforming activity, INT J CANC, 87(3), 2000, pp. 311-316
Citations number
31
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Onconogenesis & Cancer Research
Journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CANCER
ISSN journal
0020-7136 → ACNP
Volume
87
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
311 - 316
Database
ISI
SICI code
0020-7136(20000801)87:3<311:TOBCCB>2.0.ZU;2-M
Abstract
CD98 is a 125-kDa glycoprotein (GP 125) consisting of an 85-kDa heavy chain (HC) and a 40-kDa light chain (LC), and is highly expressed on the cell su rface of activated lymphocytes and various tumor cells. In addition to the regulatory role of CD98HC in L-, y+L- and Xc-amino-acid transport systems, which are principally mediated by CD98LC, we have reported transforming act ivity of human CD98HC. In this study, we established and analyzed BALB3T3 c lones transfected with cDNAs encoding wild-type and mutated rat CD98HC prot eins designated as BrH/Wild, C103S, C325S and 103/325, in which 103 and/or 325 cysteine were intact or replaced with serine. Flow cytometry with anti- rat CD98HC MAb B3 revealed that wild-type and mutated CD98HC transfectants expressed almost the same amounts of rat CD98HC proteins on the cell surfac e. Immunoprecipitation with B3 revealed that exogenous rat CD98HC proteins were associated with endogenous mouse CD98LC by a disulfide bond in BrH/Wil d and C325S, but not in C103S and 103/325 transfectants. These transfectant s showed similar doubling times and leucine and arginine transport activiti es, as compared with BALB3T3 and control transfectants in monolayer culture . Wild-type and C325S transfectants, however, formed much larger anchorage- independent colonies than C103S, 103/325 and control transfectants in soft agar. In addition, wild-type and C325S transfectants showed tumorigenicity in nude mice, although C103S, 103/325 and control transfectants did not. Th ese findings indicate that over-expression of CD98HC and its disulfide-link age with CD98LC at the cell surface result in malignant transformation of m urine fibroblasts. Int. J. Cancer 87:311-316, 2000. (C) 2000 Wiley-Liss, In c.