Loss of cadherin-11 adhesion receptor enhances plastic changes in hippocampal synapses and modifies behavioral responses

Citation
T. Manabe et al., Loss of cadherin-11 adhesion receptor enhances plastic changes in hippocampal synapses and modifies behavioral responses, MOL CELL NE, 15(6), 2000, pp. 534-546
Citations number
42
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR NEUROSCIENCE
ISSN journal
1044-7431 → ACNP
Volume
15
Issue
6
Year of publication
2000
Pages
534 - 546
Database
ISI
SICI code
1044-7431(200006)15:6<534:LOCARE>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
Cadherins organize symmetrical junctions between the pre- and postsynaptic membranes in central synapses. One of them, cadherin-11 (cad11), is express ed in the limbic system of the brain, most strongly in the hippocampus. Imm unohistochemical studies of the hippocampus showed that cad11 proteins were densely distributed in its synaptic neuropil zones; in cultured hippocampa l neurons, their distribution often overlapped with that of synaptophysin, and also occasionally with that of GluR1 at spines. To assess the role of c ad11 in synaptic formation and/or function, we analyzed brains of cad11-def icient mice. In these mice, long-term potentiation (LTP) in the CA1 region of the hippocampus was, unexpectedly, enhanced; and the level of LTP satura tion was increased. In behavioral tests, the mutant mice showed reduced fea r- or anxiety-related responses. These results suggest that the cad11-media ted junctions may modulate synaptic efficacy, confining its dynamic changes to a limited range, or these junctions are required for normal development of synaptic organization in the hippocampus.