The summary of diabetes self-care activities measure - Results from 7 studies and a revised scale

Citation
Dj. Toobert et al., The summary of diabetes self-care activities measure - Results from 7 studies and a revised scale, DIABET CARE, 23(7), 2000, pp. 943-950
Citations number
51
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Endocrynology, Metabolism & Nutrition","Endocrinology, Nutrition & Metabolism
Journal title
DIABETES CARE
ISSN journal
0149-5992 → ACNP
Volume
23
Issue
7
Year of publication
2000
Pages
943 - 950
Database
ISI
SICI code
0149-5992(200007)23:7<943:TSODSA>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
OBJECTIVE - To review reliability, validity, and normative data from 7 diff erent studies, involving a total of 1,988 people with diabetes, and provide a revised version of the Summary of Diabetes Self-Care Activities (SDSCA) measure. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - The SDSCA measure is a brief self-report ques tionnaire of diabetes self-management that includes items assessing the fol lowing aspects of the diabetes regimen: general diet, specific diet, exerci se, blood-glucose testing, foot care, and smoking. Normative data (means an d SD), inter-item and test-retest reliability, correlations between the SDS CA subscales and a range of criterion measures, and sensitivity to change s cores are presented for the 7 different studies (5 randomized interventions and 2 observational studies). RESULTS - Participants were typically older patients, having type 2 diabete s for a number of years, with a slight preponderance of women. The average inter-item correlations within scales were high (mean = 0.47), with the exc eption of specific diet; test-retest correlations were moderate (mean = 0.4 0). Correlations with other measures of diet and exercise generally support ed the validity of the SDSCA subscales (mean = 0.23). CONCLUSIONS - There are numerous benefits from standardization of measures across studies. The SDSCA questionnaire is a brief yet reliable and valid s elf-report measure of diabetes self-management that is useful both for rese arch and practice. The revised version and its scoring are presented, and t he inclusion of this measure in studies of diabetes self-management is reco mmended when appropriate.