Athletic competition: a means of improving the self-image of the mentally retarded adolescent?

Citation
G. Ninot et al., Athletic competition: a means of improving the self-image of the mentally retarded adolescent?, INT J REHAB, 23(2), 2000, pp. 111-117
Citations number
20
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Rehabilitation
Journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF REHABILITATION RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0342-5282 → ACNP
Volume
23
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
111 - 117
Database
ISI
SICI code
0342-5282(200006)23:2<111:ACAMOI>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
This study investigated whether participation in athletic training and comp etition positively affects self-perception in the different domains of comp etence in mentally retarded adolescents. We compared the effects of sport p articipation in four groups of eight mentally retarded adolescents over a p eriod of 14 months. The adolescents were all students in specialized learni ng centres. The four athletic groups were constituted as follows: segregate d basketball practice and meets, integrated basketball practice and meets, segregated swimming practice and meets, integrated swimming practice and me ets. Two other groups served as controls: a sedentary group and a group tha t participated in classic adapted physical activities. We used skill tests and Harter's Self-Perception Profile for Children (1985) to measure, respec tively, athletic skill and domains of perceived competence. The results sho wed that athletic skill increased over the 14 months, but the perception of competence in the subjects who participated in the segregated meets did no t increase significantly in perceived physical ability, or in any other dom ain. Moreover, the integrated basketball group showed a decrease in perceiv ed physical ability. The results are discussed in terms of the influence of specialized classes.