The repressive function of AP2 transcription factor on the hepatocyte growth factor gene promoter

Citation
Jg. Jiang et al., The repressive function of AP2 transcription factor on the hepatocyte growth factor gene promoter, BIOC BIOP R, 272(3), 2000, pp. 882-886
Citations number
39
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
BIOCHEMICAL AND BIOPHYSICAL RESEARCH COMMUNICATIONS
ISSN journal
0006-291X → ACNP
Volume
272
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
882 - 886
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-291X(20000616)272:3<882:TRFOAT>2.0.ZU;2-#
Abstract
Hepatocyte growth factor is an important multifunctional growth factor whos e gene expression is tightly regulated at the transcriptional level. Previo us studies from our laboratory have shown that several cis-acting elements are present in the promoter and proximal promoter region of the HGF gene. I n this study, we have uncovered that AP2 transcription factor specifically binds to a regulatory site located at -230 to -260 in the upstream region o f the HGF gene promoter. Gelshift and supershift assays confirmed that AP2 has high binding affinity to this region. Functional studies which introduc ed a mutation in the AP2 core binding region as well as cotransfection expe riments using an AP2 expression vector revealed that AP2 exerts a repressiv e role on the HGF gene promoter activity. The AP2 binding site overlaps wit h those of NF1 and USF/E-box binding sites which we have recently shown to constitute a composite multifunctional docking site for the members of the NF1 and USF transcription factor families. An inverse correlation was noted between AP2 binding activity to this composite site and HGF gene expressio n in different cell lines. Therefore, APS-mediated repression of the HGF ge ne promoter may be part of the molecular mechanism responsible for regulati ng HGF expression. (C) 2000 Academic Press.