Reduction of CO2 emissions by improved management of material and product use: the case of transport packaging

Citation
Mp. Hekkert et al., Reduction of CO2 emissions by improved management of material and product use: the case of transport packaging, RESOUR CON, 30(1), 2000, pp. 1-27
Citations number
49
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology,"Environmental Engineering & Energy
Journal title
RESOURCES CONSERVATION AND RECYCLING
ISSN journal
0921-3449 → ACNP
Volume
30
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1 - 27
Database
ISI
SICI code
0921-3449(200007)30:1<1:ROCEBI>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
About 40% of the global primary energy use and emission of CO2 is related t o the production of materials. In this study we investigate the potential a nd cost-effectiveness of CO2 emission reduction by means of improved manage ment of material use for transport packaging in Western Europe. Measures fo r improved use of transport packaging material are identified and evaluated . A supply curve for CO2-emission reduction is presented based on data abou t the use of transport packaging in 1995. We show that technically it seems possible to reduce the CO2 emissions related to the production and use of transport packaging in 1995 by 40% when new packaging technology is impleme nted that is expected to become available between 1995 and 2010. In this re duction figure, improvement of energy efficiency in material production pro cesses and changes in packaging demand are not taken into account. Most eva luated measures can be implemented cost-effectively, when taking life-cycle costs into account. This would result in a CO2 emission reduction of 34%. Evaluation of the measures shows that a 12% reduction of CO2 emissions rela ted to transport packaging is possible by using lighter packages. Material substitution can lead to a reduction also of 12%. From a CO2 emission reduc tion point of view, the most promising improvements are large changes in th e packaging system like substitution of single use packaging by re-usable p ackaging. This may lead to a 16% reduction in CO2 emissions. However, large -scale introduction of this option may be hindered by the complexity of imp lementation. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.