Suspended rice particles for cultivation of Monascus purpureus in a tower-type bioreactor

Citation
Wt. Wu et al., Suspended rice particles for cultivation of Monascus purpureus in a tower-type bioreactor, APPL MICR B, 53(5), 2000, pp. 542-544
Citations number
9
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biotecnology & Applied Microbiology",Microbiology
Journal title
APPLIED MICROBIOLOGY AND BIOTECHNOLOGY
ISSN journal
0175-7598 → ACNP
Volume
53
Issue
5
Year of publication
2000
Pages
542 - 544
Database
ISI
SICI code
0175-7598(200005)53:5<542:SRPFCO>2.0.ZU;2-R
Abstract
Cultivation of Monascus purpureus (CCRC 31615) for the production of natura l pigments was investigated. Traditionally, Monascus species were grown on rice by solid-state culture. For large-scale cultivation, solid-state cultu res were associated with some problems such as contamination and scale-up. By using submerged cultures with rice particles, a stirred-tank fermentor w as not suitable for submerged cultures as the impeller tended to break the particles into small pieces. A conventional bubble column was also unsuitab le as its mixing capability was poor. In the present study, a modified bubb le column with wire-mesh draft tubes was employed for the cultivation of M. purpureus. The proposed column had a shorter mixing time and a higher oxyg en transfer rate relative to the conventional bubble column. The production of pigments using the proposed column was up to 80% higher than that achie ved using the conventional bubble column.