Injury trends of passenger car drivers in frontal crashes in the USA

Citation
Pg. Martin et al., Injury trends of passenger car drivers in frontal crashes in the USA, ACC ANAL PR, 32(4), 2000, pp. 541-557
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Public Health & Health Care Science
Journal title
ACCIDENT ANALYSIS AND PREVENTION
ISSN journal
0001-4575 → ACNP
Volume
32
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
541 - 557
Database
ISI
SICI code
0001-4575(200007)32:4<541:ITOPCD>2.0.ZU;2-4
Abstract
Injuries trends of passenger car drivers in head-on collisions are identifi ed based on crash data extracted from the National Automotive Sampling Syst em. Annual injury incidence levels are estimated for years 1990-2007. Over that period, the number of crashes is predicted to rise by 71%. However, th e number of serious injuries to drivers is expected to rise by only 41% and driver fatalities are anticipated to decrease by 9%. Meantime, the types o f injuries suffered by drivers are changing. Year-to-year shifts in injury patterns result from changes in vehicle size classes within the US vehicle fleet population and increases in seat belt use and air bag availability. T he effectiveness of air bags in saving lives is estimated to be 30%, and wi th more air bag-equipped cars on the road, the probability of sustaining a life-threatening head or a torso injury is reduced. Air bags, however, are not as effective in preventing upper and lower extremity injuries, and thus arm and leg injuries will become more prevalent in years to come. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.