High equilibrium spin polarizations in solid Xe-129

Citation
A. Honig et al., High equilibrium spin polarizations in solid Xe-129, PHYSICA B, 284, 2000, pp. 2049-2050
Citations number
2
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science
Journal title
PHYSICA B
ISSN journal
0921-4526 → ACNP
Volume
284
Year of publication
2000
Part
2
Pages
2049 - 2050
Database
ISI
SICI code
0921-4526(200007)284:<2049:HESPIS>2.0.ZU;2-9
Abstract
Hyperpolarized Xe-129 produced by optical pumping is of great-current inter est as a contrast agent for magnetic resonance imaging. The spin 1/2 nucleu s has slow spin relaxation rates, allowing appreciable polarization retenti on times in a frozen-spin mode far from thermal equilibrium, such as a room temperature gas. This weakness of spin interactions also makes achievement of high polarizations by equilibrium methods in the condensed state take v ery long. At 1 K and modest magnetic fields, the relaxation time of pure Xe -129 exceeds days, and at 17 T and 10 mK, where the equilibrium polarizatio n is about 44%, it is too long to be measurable. By forcing high concentrat ions of oxygen into xenon, polarizations near 10% have been obtained in abo ut 1 day at high B and low T, and this can be improved. With rapid removal of the oxygen, this method can provide an economical source of frozen-spin hyperpolarized xenon. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.