Efficacy of influenza vaccine in the elderly in welfare nursing homes: reduction in risks of mortality and morbidity during an influenza A (H3N2) epidemic

Citation
Y. Deguchi et al., Efficacy of influenza vaccine in the elderly in welfare nursing homes: reduction in risks of mortality and morbidity during an influenza A (H3N2) epidemic, J MED MICRO, 49(6), 2000, pp. 553-556
Citations number
16
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF MEDICAL MICROBIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-2615 → ACNP
Volume
49
Issue
6
Year of publication
2000
Pages
553 - 556
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-2615(200006)49:6<553:EOIVIT>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
The effect of influenza vaccination on the occurrence and severity of influ enza virus infection in a population residing in nursing homes for the elde rly was studied during an influenza A (H3N2) epidemic in Japan. Of 22 462 i ndividuals living in 301 welfare nursing homes, 10 739 received either one dose (2027 subjects) or two doses (8712 subjects) of inactivated, subunit t rivalent influenza vaccine. During the period Nov. 1998 to March 1999, ther e were 950 cases of influenza infection diagnosed clinically, with virus is olation or serology. There were statistically significantly fewer cases of influenza, hospital admissions due to severe infection and deaths due to in fluenza in the vaccinated cohort (256 cases, 32 hospital admissions, 1 deat h) than in the unvaccinated controls (694 cases, 150 hospital admissions, 5 deaths; reduction rates 59.8%, 76.9% and 79.1% respectively). Vaccination was almost equally effective in those who received one dose of vaccine and those who received two doses. No serious adverse reactions to vaccination w ere recorded. Thus influenza vaccination is safe and effective in this popu lation, and should be an integral part of the routine care of persons aged greater than or equal to 65 years residing in nursing homes.