Hypertension and cardiovascular health in Venezuela and Latin American countries

Citation
R. Hernandez-hernandez et al., Hypertension and cardiovascular health in Venezuela and Latin American countries, J HUM HYPER, 14, 2000, pp. S2-S5
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Cardiovascular & Respiratory Systems
Journal title
JOURNAL OF HUMAN HYPERTENSION
ISSN journal
0950-9240 → ACNP
Volume
14
Year of publication
2000
Supplement
1
Pages
S2 - S5
Database
ISI
SICI code
0950-9240(200004)14:<S2:HACHIV>2.0.ZU;2-W
Abstract
Since 1950 all countries of the Latin-American sub-continent have experienc ed very important changes in several health indicators, in the demographic, epidemiological, socio-cultural and way of living profiles. The proportion of the population over 65 years old tend to be low in the Latin American c ountries in contrast to developed countries. Cardiovascular diseases are th e main cause of death in most of the Latin American countries at a similar rate to that of the developed world. As infectious diseases are reduced, ca rdiovascular diseases takes their place as the main cause of death in Latin American countries. Prevalence of hypertension in different reports show v ariations from 40 to 8% in the adult population, but on average 20 to 23% o f the adult population have elevated blood pressure. This prevalence is sim ilar to reports in the developed world. However there is considerable varia bility in each country and its regions so it is important that local studie s of prevalence and local factors in the development of hypertension are in vestigated. The degree of awareness, treatment and control of hypertension is lower than that reported in the developed world, and it is important to establish programmes to attend to this public health problem, from preventi on to treatment, from primary care to higher levels of attention.