Clinical, serological and genetic study in patients with CREST syndrome

Citation
Y. Akiyama et al., Clinical, serological and genetic study in patients with CREST syndrome, INTERN MED, 39(6), 2000, pp. 451-456
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
General & Internal Medicine
Journal title
INTERNAL MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0918-2918 → ACNP
Volume
39
Issue
6
Year of publication
2000
Pages
451 - 456
Database
ISI
SICI code
0918-2918(200006)39:6<451:CSAGSI>2.0.ZU;2-K
Abstract
Objective To assess the clinical, serological and genetic features of Japan ese patients with CREST syndrome. Patients and Methods Clinical features, autoantibodies and human histocompa tibility leukocyte antigen (HLA) typing were studied in thirty patients wit h CREST syndrome, including 29 females and one male, with a mean age of 59. 0 years (ranging from 40 to 76 years). Results Interstitial pneumonia on chest X-ray and renal involvement were ra re. Mitral regurgitation and tricuspid regurgitation were present in 56.7% and 76.7%, respectively. Sjoren's syndrome (SS) and primary biliary cirrhos is (PBC) were highly associated, however the positivity of the marker antib odies to those syndromes, such as anti-SSA, anti-SSB, anti-mitochondrial (A MA) and antismooth muscle autoantibodies were less frequent than that of pr imary SS and PBC without the other autoimmune diseases, The histological fi ndings of PBC were all early stages in Scheuer's classification. HLA-Cw6 we re associated with CREST-PBC overlap syndrome (p<0.05). However the HLA ant igen was not correlated with CREST syndrome, and the frequency of HLA-DR2 b etween CREST syndrome with or without PBC was significantly different (p<0. 01). Conclusion It was suggested that there was a genetic difference between CRE ST syndrome alone and CREST-PBC overlap syndrome and there were differences (the positivity of AMA and the severity of bile duct lesion) between PBC a nd CREST-PBC overlap syndrome.