Cg. Ter Meulen et al., The influence of mycophenolate mofetil on the incidence and severity of primary cytomegalovirus infections and disease after renal transplantation, NEPH DIAL T, 15(5), 2000, pp. 711-714
Background. Mycophenolate mofetil (MMF) is increasingly used for immunosupp
ression after renal transplantation (RTx). The aim of our study was to inve
stigate if the use of MMF has resulted in an increase in the frequency and
severity of primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infections.
Methods. Retrospective study of adult RTx patients who were CMV seronegativ
e and who received a kidney of a CMV seropositive donor in the period 1992-
1997 (n = 84). Twenty-four of these patients were treated with MMF (in comb
ination with cyclosporin and prednisone; MMF+) and the other 60 were the co
ntrol group (cyclosporin and prednisone; MMF-). No CMV prophylaxis was give
n. CMV infection was defined as CMV seroconversion of IgG antibodies. CMV d
isease was defined as CMV infection and fever in combination with one or mo
re of the following: leukocytopenia, thrombocytopenia, elevated alanine ami
notransferase, or histological evidence of tissue invasive disease.
Results. The incidence of primary CMV infections was similar in both groups
(MMF+, 75%; MMF-, 63%). CMV disease was more frequent in the MMF+ group th
an in the MMF- group (67 vs 30%, P<0.05). In the patients with CMV disease,
the use of MMF did not affect severity of symptoms, frequency of tissue in
vasive disease, or frequency or duration of treatment with ganciclovir.
Conclusions. Addition of MMF to the immunosuppressive therapy after RTx did
not result in an increase of primary CMV infections. However, these CMV in
fections led more often to CMV disease in patients treated with MMF than in
those without MMF.