Cubilin is an albumin binding protein important for renal tubular albumin reabsorption

Citation
H. Birn et al., Cubilin is an albumin binding protein important for renal tubular albumin reabsorption, J CLIN INV, 105(10), 2000, pp. 1353-1361
Citations number
40
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF CLINICAL INVESTIGATION
ISSN journal
0021-9738 → ACNP
Volume
105
Issue
10
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1353 - 1361
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9738(200005)105:10<1353:CIAABP>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
Using affinity chromatography and surface plasmon resonance analysis, we ha ve identified cubilin, a 460-kDa receptor heavily expressed in kidney proxi mal tubule epithelial cells, as an albumin binding protein. Dogs with a fun ctional defect in cubilin excrete large amounts of albumin in combination w ith virtually abolished proximal tubule reabsorption, showing the critical role for cubilin in the uptake of albumin by the proximal tubule. Also, by immunoblotting and immunocytochemistry we show that previously identified l ow-molecular-weight renal albumin binding proteins are fragments of cubilin . In addition, we find that mice lacking the endocytic receptor megalin sho w altered urinary excretion, and reduced tubular reabsorption, of albumin. Because cubilin has been shown to colocalize and interact with megalin, we propose a mechanism of albumin reabsorption mediated by both of these prote ins. This process may prove important for understanding interstitial renal inflammation and fibrosis caused by proximal tubule uptake of an increased load of filtered albumin.