ED evaluation of the pediatric trauma patient by ultrasonography

Citation
Sw. Corbett et al., ED evaluation of the pediatric trauma patient by ultrasonography, AM J EMER M, 18(3), 2000, pp. 244-249
Citations number
36
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF EMERGENCY MEDICINE
ISSN journal
0735-6757 → ACNP
Volume
18
Issue
3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
244 - 249
Database
ISI
SICI code
0735-6757(200005)18:3<244:EEOTPT>2.0.ZU;2-L
Abstract
The purpose of this study was to determine the accuracy of ultrasound exami nation of pediatric trauma patients by emergency physicians. Pediatric (age less than 18 years) trauma patients presenting to the emergency department of a revel I trauma center were prospectively examined with bedside ultras ound during the secondary survey of their trauma resuscitation, Examination s were performed by emergency medicine residents and attending physicians w ho had completed an 8-hour course on trauma ultrasonography, Trauma physici ans providing care to the patient were blinded to the results of the examin ation. In 47 children (median age 9 years) computed tomography of the abdom en/pelvis or laparotomy were also performed and served as gold standards to verify the presence or absence of free fluid in the abdomen, Sensitivity s pecificity, and accuracy of the ultrasound examination for the detection of free fluid in the abdominal cavity was 75% (95% confidence interval [CI] 3 6% to 95%), 97% (95% CI 81% to 100%), and 92% (95% CI 77% to 98%), Positive and negative predictive values were 90% (95% CI 46% to 100%) and 92% (95% CI 74% to 99%), respectively. ultrasound examinations took an average of 7 minutes and 36 seconds, although this did not take into consideration delay s created by interruptions for other diagnostic tests or procedures. An eme rgency physician and radiologist agreed on blinded interpretations of 83% o f the examinations (kappa = 0.56). Bedside ultrasonography is a reliable an d rapid method for screening traumatized children for the presence or absen ce of free fluid in the peritoneum even in the hands of novice sonographers . (Am J Emerg Med 2000;18:244-249. Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B, Saunders Comp any).