Nonstructural protein 5A of hepatitis C virus inhibits the function of karyopherin beta 3

Citation
Km. Chung et al., Nonstructural protein 5A of hepatitis C virus inhibits the function of karyopherin beta 3, J VIROLOGY, 74(11), 2000, pp. 5233-5241
Citations number
54
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Microbiology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF VIROLOGY
ISSN journal
0022-538X → ACNP
Volume
74
Issue
11
Year of publication
2000
Pages
5233 - 5241
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-538X(200006)74:11<5233:NP5OHC>2.0.ZU;2-7
Abstract
It has been suggested that nonstructural protein 5A (NS5A) of hepatitis C v irus (HCV) plays a role in the incapacitation of interferon by inactivation of RNA-dependent protein kinase PKR. In order to further investigate the r ole of NS5A, we tried to identify cellular proteins interacting with NS5A b y using the yeast two-hybrid system. The karyopherin beta 3 gene was isolat ed from a human liver cell library as a protein interacting with NS5A. The protein-protein interaction between NS5A and karyopherin beta 3 was confirm ed by in vitro binding assay and an in vivo coimmunoprecipitation method. T he effect of NS5A on the karyopherin beta 3 activity was investigated using a yeast cell line containing mutations in both PSE1 and KAP123, genes that are homologous to the human karyopherin beta 3 gene. Human karyopherin bet a 3 complemented the loss of the PSE1 and KAP123 functions, supporting grow th of the double mutant cells. However, expression of NS5A hampered the gro wth of the double mutant cells supplemented with human karyopherin beta 3. On the other hand, expression of NS5A by itself had no effect on the grow-t h of the double mutant expressing wild-type yeast PSE1. This indicates that NS5A may inhibit karyopherin beta 3 function via protein-protein interacti on. The role of NS5A in HCV replication is discussed.