Objective. To examine the relationship between serum immunoglobulin (Ig) le
vels and pulmonary function in patients with systemic sclerosis (SSc).
Methods. Twenty-four patients with SSc who had at least 2 sets of pulmonary
function tests (PFT) at intervals of more than one year were eligible. Mul
tiple linear regression models were constructed for prediction of the annua
lized rates of change of forced vital capacity (FVC), carbon monoxide diffu
sing capacity (DLco), and DLco per unit alveolar volume (K-co).
Results. The rates of change of FVC and K-co correlated with the annualized
rate of change of IgG (p < 0.001 and p = 0.005, respectively), and the rat
e of change of DLco correlated with the serum IgM level at the first PFT (p
= 0.020) and with the annualized rate of change of IgG (p = 0.007).
Conclusion. The rates of change of serum Ig levels are associated with thos
e of pulmonary function in SSc. Use of this model may assist investigation
of pulmonary involvement.