Virus load and risk of heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiencyvirus and hepatitis C virus by men with hemophilia

Citation
M. Hisada et al., Virus load and risk of heterosexual transmission of human immunodeficiencyvirus and hepatitis C virus by men with hemophilia, J INFEC DIS, 181(4), 2000, pp. 1475-1478
Citations number
15
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Clinical Immunolgy & Infectious Disease",Immunology
Journal title
JOURNAL OF INFECTIOUS DISEASES
ISSN journal
0022-1899 → ACNP
Volume
181
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1475 - 1478
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-1899(200004)181:4<1475:VLAROH>2.0.ZU;2-6
Abstract
A high human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) load may increase the probability of HIV transmission by sexual contact, but the association of virus load o f hepatitis C virus (HCV) with risk of HCV transmission is uncertain. HIV a nd HCV virus loads were examined in hemophilic men, as were risks of HIV an d HCV transmission to their female partners in a hemophilia cohort in which most subjects are dually infected. A higher HIV load was associated with a n increased risk of HIV transmission (odds ratio [OR], 1.31 per log(10) inc rease in virus load). A higher HCV load was associated, although not signif icantly, with an increased risk of HCV transmission (OR, 1.42 per log(10)). HCV load was higher among dually infected men than in those infected with HCV alone (P = .001). However, much larger studies are needed to clearly sh ow whether HIV/HCV coinfection significantly increases the risk of HCV tran smission to female partners.