Predicting conversion to Alzheimer disease using standardized clinical information

E. Daly et al., Predicting conversion to Alzheimer disease using standardized clinical information, ARCH NEUROL, 57(5), 2000, pp. 675-680
Citations number
Categorie Soggetti
Neurology,"Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
ISSN journal
0003-9942 → ACNP
Year of publication
675 - 680
SICI code
Objective: To identify aspects of a standardized clinical assessment that c all predict which individuals within the category of "questionable" Alzheim er disease (AD) have a high likelihood of converting to AD over time. Design: Detailed semistructured interviews were performed at baseline and a nnually for 3 years. Setting: University-based gerontology research program. Patients: The patient population consisted of 165 individuals 65 years and older: 42 of the participants had a Clinical Dementia Rating (CDR) of norma l cognition (CDR rating, 0.0) and 123 had a rating of questionable AD (CDR rating, 0.5). After 3 years of follow-up, 23 of the 123 subjects with quest ionable AD were diagnosed with probable AD Main Outcome Measures: The interview was used to generate a summary measure based on the sum of 6 CDR categories, known as the Total Box Score. The re sponses to 32 selected questions from the interview also were examined. Results: Likelihood of progression to AD during the follow-up period was st rongly related to the Total Box Score. For example, more than 50% of indivi duals with a Total Box Score of 2.0 or higher at baseline developed AD duri ng the follow-up interval, whereas about 10% of individuals with a Total Bo x Score of 1.0 or lower developed AD during this same period. Selected ques tions from the standardized clinical interview also were highly predictive of subsequent conversion to AD among the study population. Eight selected q uestions from the clinical interview at baseline, combined with the CDR Tot al Box Score, identified 88.6% of such individuals accurately (questionable group, 82/91; converter group, 19/23). Conclusions: A standardized clinical assessment can be used to identify the subgroup of individuals within the category of questionable AD who have a high likelihood of converting to AD over time. Subjects who met the criteri a for questionable AD had a variety of trajectories during a 3-year follow- up, suggesting that diverse factors may influence the functional changes ob served in this population.