Racial disparity in arrest rates as an explanation of racial disparity in commitment to Pennsylvania's prisons

Citation
Rl. Austin et Md. Allen, Racial disparity in arrest rates as an explanation of racial disparity in commitment to Pennsylvania's prisons, J RES CRIME, 37(2), 2000, pp. 200-220
Citations number
77
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Social Work & Social Policy
Journal title
JOURNAL OF RESEARCH IN CRIME AND DELINQUENCY
ISSN journal
0022-4278 → ACNP
Volume
37
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
200 - 220
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-4278(200005)37:2<200:RDIARA>2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
The basic methodology of former studies of the net effect of criminal justi ce processing on racial disproportionality in America's prisons has the pot ential to advance understanding of this issue. But aggregation of data at t he national level and/or over offenses among other weaknesses limits the ut ility of the previous findings. The authors employ positive aspects of the methodology of the studies in analyzing Pennsylvania data for 1991 to 1995. The total percentages of explained disproportionality are substantially lo wer than other studies. The same explained disproportionalities and those f or individual offenses are also far lower than another study from national data, and low percentages of explained disproportionality for some offenses suggest that high levels of racial discrimination may be operative. In par ticular, implementation of the war on drugs seems fraught with injustice to ward Blacks Explained disproportionality is fairly stable over time, indica ting reliability for the conclusion that racial discrimination in Pennsylva nia's criminal justice system seems greater than some earlier studies show.