Using the laser pyrolysis method, single phase gamma'-Fe4N nanoparticles we
re prepared by a two step method involving preparation of nanoscale iron ox
ide and a subsequent gas-solid nitridation reaction. Single phase Fe3C and
Fe7C3 could be prepared by laser pyrolysis from Fe(CO)(5) and 3C(2)H(4) dir
ectly. Characterization techniques such as XRD, TEM and vibrating sample ma
gnetometer were used to measure phase structure, particle size and magnetic
properties of these nanoscale nitride and carbide particles. (C) 2000 Amer
ican Institute of Physics. [S0021-8979(00)38408-0].