Behcet's disease in Familial Mediterranean Fever: Characterization of the association between the two diseases

Citation
T. Schwartz et al., Behcet's disease in Familial Mediterranean Fever: Characterization of the association between the two diseases, SEM ARTH RH, 29(5), 2000, pp. 286-295
Citations number
51
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Review
Categorie Soggetti
Rheumatology
Journal title
SEMINARS IN ARTHRITIS AND RHEUMATISM
ISSN journal
0049-0172 → ACNP
Volume
29
Issue
5
Year of publication
2000
Pages
286 - 295
Database
ISI
SICI code
0049-0172(200004)29:5<286:BDIFMF>2.0.ZU;2-N
Abstract
Objectives: Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a genetic disease, charac terized by attacks of fever and painful manifestations, Several vasculitide s are more common in FMF than in the general population, The aim of the stu dy was to define and characterize the association between FMF and Behcet's disease (BD), a form of vasculitis not previously related to FMF, Methods: We conducted a retrospective study in which FMF patients, also suf fering from BD (FMF-BD). were recruited from about 4,000 patients registere d in our clinic, using a computer survey, Patients identified by the screen ing process were examined, and those meeting the published criteria for the diagnoses of FMF and BD were classified as FMF-BD cases and compared with unselected FMF and BD controls, Results: The prevalence of BD was higher in FMF than in populations known t o be rich in BD (eg, 16 per 4,000 in FMF compared with 1 per 10(4) in japan , P<.001). FMF-BD cases and FMF or BD controls were comparable in most demo graphic, clinical, and laboratory aspects studied, However, more cases than FMF-controls were of Iraqi/Turkish origin and responded less favorably to colchicine. A higher proportion of cases than BD controls had skin, central nervous system, and gastrointestinal manifestations, originated from North Africa, and had family history of BD, In most cases, as in most respective controls, the severity of FMF was of intermediate grade and the extensiven ess of BD was limited, The HLA B5 antigen was present in 53% of BD cases an d 40% of ED controls, Conclusions: BD should be included among the vasculitides complicating FMF, BD and FMF in patients with FMF-BD, and in patients suffering from each of these entities alone, are clinically and demographically comparable, Copyright (C) 2000 by W.B. Saunders Company.