Ultraviolet laser-induced liquid-phase palladium seeding on polymers

Citation
K. Kordas et al., Ultraviolet laser-induced liquid-phase palladium seeding on polymers, J MATER RES, 14(9), 1999, pp. 3690-3694
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Apllied Physucs/Condensed Matter/Materiales Science","Material Science & Engineering
Journal title
JOURNAL OF MATERIALS RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0884-2914 → ACNP
Volume
14
Issue
9
Year of publication
1999
Pages
3690 - 3694
Database
ISI
SICI code
0884-2914(199909)14:9<3690:ULLPSO>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
Excimer laser pulses with wavelength of 308 nm, repetition rates of 1-10 Hz , pulse energies of 300-400 mJ, and pulse width of 20 ns are used to select ively seed palladium aggregates from a liquid-phase solution on polymer (po lyimide) surfaces. The precursors used are PdCl2 in hydrochloric acid and P d(CH3CO2)(2) in acetic acid. The coverage of the polyimide with palladium a ggregates is determined by the analysis of scanning electron microscopy mea surements. Qualitative and quantitative analyses of seeded particles on pol yimide (PI) are investigated by x-ray diffraction and transmission measurem ents. The amount of deposited palladium showed a quadratic dependence on th e laser fluence reaching the surface. On the ether hand, the coverage versu s number of laser shots shows a square-root-like dependence. The palladium deposits also appear as amorphous and Pd[111] crystallites forms depending on the number of laser pulses. The roughness of a PI surface prior to seedi ng is modified mechanically and characterized by its fractal dimension. The fractal dimension of the samples varies between 2.3 and 2.7 for all the pa rameters applied, and the palladium deposition is found to be dependent on this dimension of the PI film.