Background: Bone banking and the clinical use of banked tissue are the most
common forms of allopreservation and transplantation in modern medicine.
Objectives: This article reviews 25 years (1973-98) of experience in bone b
anking in Israel.
Methods: A nationwide survey on the clinical application of the banked musc
uloskeletal tissues during 1996 was conducted by means of a Mitten question
naire sent to all orthopedic departments in Israel.
Results: The response rate to the questionnaire was 84%. A total of 257 cas
es were allocated bone allografts: the majority comprised 225 spongy bones,
26 were massive bone allografts and 6 were soft tissue allografts.
Conclusion: Improvement of quality control and quality assurance of the ban
ked tissues, together with development of skills in the use of osteoinducti
ve and ostea-conductive materials, cast the future of musculoskeletal tissu