High sensitivity detection of JC-virus DNA in postmortem brain tissue by in situ PCR

Citation
Iw. Samorei et al., High sensitivity detection of JC-virus DNA in postmortem brain tissue by in situ PCR, J NEUROVIRO, 6(1), 2000, pp. 61-74
Citations number
80
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
JOURNAL OF NEUROVIROLOGY
ISSN journal
1355-0284 → ACNP
Volume
6
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
61 - 74
Database
ISI
SICI code
1355-0284(200002)6:1<61:HSDOJD>2.0.ZU;2-5
Abstract
Opportunistic infection of the central nervous system by human polyomavirus TC can cause a devastating disease, progressive multifocal leukoencephalop athy (PML). To gain new neuropathological insights into TC-virus (JCV) infe ction patterns in PML at the light microscopic level, the highly sensitive indirect in situ polymerase chain reaction (in situ PCR) was employed in up to 15-year old formalin-fixed and paraffin-embedded postmortem brain tissu e derived from nine AIDS patients with PML. In situ PCR, in which target DN A is amplified intracellularly and detected by a specific labelled probe in morphologically intact tissue, was compared with conventional in situ hybr idization (ISH). Validity was ensured by the inclusion of 13 controls. JCV detection with in situ PCR proved to be highly sensitive since in all nine brain samples the number of positive cells exceeded the ISH results by 2-3- fold. Whereas by routine staining the brain tissue of each individual patie nt showed regions with severe, mild or no involvement by PML, improved dete ction of JCV DNA by in situ PCR allowed a regrading into five different deg rees of JCV infection. Significant myelin staining was observed, suggesting that cell-to-cell contact may not be the only means of virus spread but th at new cells could also be infected by virus released after cell lysis. Fur thermore, using in situ PCR hitherto unreported intracellular distribution patterns of JCV DNA in oligodendro- and astrocytes were observed by light m icroscopy.