Analysis of VMAT2 binding after methamphetamine or MPTP treatment: Disparity between homogenates and vesicle preparations

Citation
Ka. Hogan et al., Analysis of VMAT2 binding after methamphetamine or MPTP treatment: Disparity between homogenates and vesicle preparations, J NEUROCHEM, 74(5), 2000, pp. 2217-2220
Citations number
21
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Neurosciences & Behavoir
Journal title
JOURNAL OF NEUROCHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
0022-3042 → ACNP
Volume
74
Issue
5
Year of publication
2000
Pages
2217 - 2220
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-3042(200005)74:5<2217:AOVBAM>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
[H-3]Dihydrotetrabenazine ([H-3]DTBZ), a specific ligand for the vesicular monoamine transporter (VMAT2), has been used to characterize the integrity of monoaminergic nerve terminals in experimental animals and humans. The pu rpose of the present studies was to compare the loss of VMAT2 binding with the loss of other neurochemical markers of the dopamine (DA) nerve terminal s in mice treated with neurotoxic doses of methamphetamine (METH) or MPTP. Profound decreases (greater than or equal to 70%) in DA content, tyrosine h ydroxylase activity, and [H-3]carbomethoxy-3-(4-fluorophenyl)tropane bindin g to the DA transporter were observed in striatal homogenates at both 1 and 6 days after exposure to the neurotoxins. It is surprising that no signifi cant loss of [H-3]DTBZ binding in the homogenates was observed at 1 day aft er exposure, although a significant loss (-50%) was apparent 6 days later. However, in isolated vesicle preparations, [H-3]DTBZ binding and active [H- 3]DA uptake were markedly reduced (>70%) at 1 day. These observations indic ate that vesicle function is compromised at an early time point after expos ure to neurotoxic insult. Furthermore, the changes in [H-3]DTBZ binding in homogenates may not be a sensitive indicator of early damage to synaptic ve sicles, although homogenate binding reliably identifies a loss of VMAT2 at later times.