Induction of alopecia in mice exposed to cigarette smoke

Citation
F. D'Agostini et al., Induction of alopecia in mice exposed to cigarette smoke, TOX LETT, 114(1-3), 2000, pp. 117-123
Citations number
26
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
TOXICOLOGY LETTERS
ISSN journal
0378-4274 → ACNP
Volume
114
Issue
1-3
Year of publication
2000
Pages
117 - 123
Database
ISI
SICI code
0378-4274(20000403)114:1-3<117:IOAIME>2.0.ZU;2-E
Abstract
Besides being responsible for a high proportion of those chronic degenerati ve diseases that are the leading causes of death in the population, tobacco smoking has been associated with skin diseases. Smoke genotoxicants are me tabolized in hair follicle cells, where they form DNA adducts and cause DNA damage. The suspicion was raised that, in humans, a link may exist between smoking and both premature grey hair and hair loss. In order to check this hypothesis, we carried out a study in C57BL/6 mice exposed whole-body to a mixture of sidestream and mainstream cigarette smoke. After 3 months expos ure, most mice developed areas of alopecia and grey hair, while no such les ions occurred either in sham-exposed mice or in smoke-exposed mice receivin g the chemopreventive agent N-acetylcysteine with drinking water. Cell apop tosis occurred massively in the hair bulbs at the edge of alopecia areas. S moke-exposed mice had extensive atrophy of the epidermis, reduced thickness of the subcutaneous tissue, and scarcity of hair follicles. On the whole, exposure to smoke genotoxic components appears to alter the hair cycle with a dystrophic anagen pattern. Although this mechanism is different from tha t of genotoxic cytostatic drugs, N-acetylcysteine appears to exert protecti ve effects in both conditions. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science Ireland Ltd. All r ights reserved.