Social categorization and stereotyping: 'You mean I'm one of "them"?'

Citation
C. Johnson et al., Social categorization and stereotyping: 'You mean I'm one of "them"?', BR J SOC P, 39, 2000, pp. 1-25
Citations number
50
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Psycology
Journal title
BRITISH JOURNAL OF SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY
ISSN journal
0144-6665 → ACNP
Volume
39
Year of publication
2000
Part
1
Pages
1 - 25
Database
ISI
SICI code
0144-6665(200003)39:<1:SCAS'M>2.0.ZU;2-Z
Abstract
What happens when people discover that they are members of a group about wh ich they have previously formed some stereotype? To address this question, procedures previously shown to induce negative stereotypes of minority grou ps were combined with a social categorization manipulation. Participants in a distinctiveness-based illusory correlation paradigm (Hamilton & Gifford, 1976) either knew nothing about their group membership, or learned that th ey were a member of the minority group or the majority group either before or ait er being presented the stereotype-engendering stimulus materials. Re sults revealed that social categorization into the minority group before st imulus presentation eliminated the perceived stereotype and reversed the ev aluative bias, whereas social categorization into the minority group after stimulus presentation had no effect on the perceived stereotype and only a weak effect in reducing the evaluative bias. Social categorization into the majority group either before or after stimulus presentation had little eff ect on the perceived stereotype and evaluative bias. These results clarify the process underlying the influence of social categorization on stereotype formation, underscore the distinction between affective and cognitive infl uences on stereotype formation and stereotype change, and offer insights in to 'autostereotyping' among members of minority groups.