Inflammation in prostate biopsies of men without prostatic malignancy or clinical prostatitis - Correlation with total serum PSA and PSA density

Citation
Phf. Schatteman et al., Inflammation in prostate biopsies of men without prostatic malignancy or clinical prostatitis - Correlation with total serum PSA and PSA density, EUR UROL, 37(4), 2000, pp. 404-412
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Urology & Nephrology
Journal title
EUROPEAN UROLOGY
ISSN journal
0302-2838 → ACNP
Volume
37
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
404 - 412
Database
ISI
SICI code
0302-2838(200004)37:4<404:IIPBOM>2.0.ZU;2-G
Abstract
Objective: Inflammation is a frequent histological finding in prostate biop sies, performed on men without prostatic malignancy or clinical prostatitis . We investigated the relationship between morphological parameters of infl ammation in prostatic tissue and total serum prostate-specific antigen (PSA ) and prostate-specific antigen density (PSAD) levels to determine if subcl inical inflammation can cause elevation of PSA and PSAD. Methods: We reviewed 268 prostate biopsies, performed on 238 men with eleva ted PSA and/or abnormal digital rectal examination of the prostate. All pre malignant and malignant biopsies and cases of clinical prostatitis were exc luded. The inflammation in the remaining 145 prostate biopsies was scored f or extent of inflammation and aggressiveness of inflammation, using the fou r-point scale designed by Irani and co-workers. In this prostatic inflammat ion scoring system, extent of inflammation is graded from 0 up to 3 accordi ng to the degree of invasion of inflammatory cells in prostatic tissue. Agg ressiveness of inflammation is graded from 0 up to 3 according to the degre e of contact or disruption of prostatic glandular epithelium by inflammator y cells. Results: Each of the studied biopsies showed inflammatory cells. Median PSA levels in grades 1, 2 and 3 of extent of inflammation were, respectively, 5.7, 6.8 and 13.0. Median PSAD levels in these groups were 0.13, 0.16 and 0 .33. There was no significant difference between these grades for PSA nor f or PSAD. Median PSA levels in grades 0, 1 and 2 of aggressiveness of inflam mation were, respectively, 3.9, 5.9 and 8.9. Median PSAD levels in these gr oups were 0.12, 0.18 and 0.17. For both parameters, there was a significant difference between grades (respectively, p = 0.0028 and p = 0.0330). Conclusion: Inflammation of the prostate is a histological finding in almos t every set of prostate biopsies, even when there are no signs of clinical prostatitis. This subclinical inflammation can cause PSA elevation. Not the extent of inflammation is of importance, but the disruption of epithelial integrity caused by the inflammatory infiltrate. When confronted with a pat ient with an elevated PSA level whose prostate biopsies reveal no malignanc y but only inflammation, this concept can help in determining the need for quick repeat biopsies. Copyright (C) 2000 S. Karger AG, Basel.