Fluorescence properties of rhodamine 800 in whole blood and plasma

Citation
Oo. Abugo et al., Fluorescence properties of rhodamine 800 in whole blood and plasma, ANALYT BIOC, 279(2), 2000, pp. 142-150
Citations number
23
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
ANALYTICAL BIOCHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
0003-2697 → ACNP
Volume
279
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
142 - 150
Database
ISI
SICI code
0003-2697(20000315)279:2<142:FPOR8I>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
We have characterized the fluorescence spectral properties of rhodamine 800 (Rh800) in plasma and blood in order to test the possibility of making cli nical fluorescence measurements in whole blood without separation steps. Rh 800 was used because of its absorption at red/near-infrared wavelengths awa y from the absorption bands of hemoglobin. We utilized the front-face illum ination and detection to minimize the effects of absorption and/or scatter during measurements. The presence of Rh800 was detected in plasma and blood using steady-state fluorescence measurements. Absorption due to hemoglobin reduced the Rh800 intensity from the blood. Fluorescence lifetime measurem ents in plasma and blood showed that it is possible to recover lifetime par ameters of Rh800 in these media. We obtained mean lifetimes of 1.90 and 1.8 6 ns for Rh800 in plasma and blood, respectively. Using the recently descri bed modulation sensing method, we quantified the concentrations of Rh800 in plasma and blood. Rh800 was detected at a concentration of as low as 2 mu M in both media. High anisotropy values were obtained for Rh800 in plasma a nd blood using steady-state and anisotropy decay measurements, implying the tight binding of this probe to the contents of these media. This binding c an be exploited to monitor the concentrations of different blood components using already existing or new red-emitting probes that will be specially d esigned to bind to these components with high specificity. To test this pos sibility of direct measurements in blood, we used Rh800 to monitor albumin in the presence of red blood cells. Increase in the polarization of Rh800 a s the concentration of albumin was increased in the presence of the red cel ls showed the feasibility of such measurements. (C) 2000 Academic Press.