Characterization of proteolytic activities of pulmonary alveolar epithelium

Citation
Xd. Yang et al., Characterization of proteolytic activities of pulmonary alveolar epithelium, INT J PHARM, 195(1-2), 2000, pp. 93-101
Citations number
34
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pharmacology & Toxicology
Journal title
INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF PHARMACEUTICS
ISSN journal
0378-5173 → ACNP
Volume
195
Issue
1-2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
93 - 101
Database
ISI
SICI code
0378-5173(20000215)195:1-2<93:COPAOP>2.0.ZU;2-O
Abstract
Pulmonary alveolar type I epithelial cell and its progenitor, type II cell, present major transport and enzyme barriers for systemic delivery of pulmo nary administered peptide drugs. The present study investigates the effect of cellular differentiation of type II to type I cells on their proteolytic activities, and evaluates the suitability of a continuous lung cell line, A549, for drug transport and degradation studies. High performance liquid c hromatography was used to assess the degradation kinetics of two model pept ide substrates, luteinizing hormone releasing hormone (LHRH) and [D-Ala(6)] -LHRH, and their metabolites in lung cell preparations. Isolated primary ty pe II cells when grown in culture developed tight monolayers and exhibited morphologic characteristics of type I cells, as determined by transepitheli al electrical resistance measurements and electron microscopy. The transfor med type I-like cells exhibited a > 10-fold decrease in proteolytic activit ies for LHRH, as compared to type II cells. The continuous lung cell line A 549 formed leaky monolayers and exhibited similar enzyme activities to the primary type II cells. The responsible enzymes for degradation of LHRH in t ype II and A549 cells were angiotensin converting enzyme (ACE), EP24.11, an d EP24.15. In contrast, no EP24.15 or ACE activity was observed in type I-l ike pneumocytes and only a weak EP24.11 activity was detected. In all cell types, the degradation rate of [D-Ala6]-LHRH was about 3-8 times lower than that of LHRH. This peptide analog was resistant to degradation by EP24.15 and EP24.11, but was susceptible to ACE-mediated cleavage. (C) 2000 Elsevie r Science B.V. All rights reserved.