Of mice, calves, and men - Comparison of the mouse typhoid model with other Salmonella infections

Citation
Rm. Tsolis et al., Of mice, calves, and men - Comparison of the mouse typhoid model with other Salmonella infections, ADV EXP MED, 473, 1999, pp. 261-274
Citations number
99
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Current Book Contents
ISSN journal
0065-2598
Volume
473
Year of publication
1999
Pages
261 - 274
Database
ISI
SICI code
0065-2598(1999)473:<261:OMCAM->2.0.ZU;2-S
Abstract
Numerous Salmonella typhimurium virulence factors have been identified and characterized using experimental infection of mice. While the murine typhoi d model has been used successfully for Salmonella typhi vaccine development and to infer virulence mechanisms important during typhoid fever, informat ion derived from infection of mice has been of limited value in elucidating the mechanism by which S. typhimurium causes enteritis in humans. Progress in our understanding of virulence mechanisms contributing to diarrheal dis ease comes from recent studies of bovine enteritis, a S. typhimurium infect ion, which manifests as acute gastroenteritis. This review compares virulen ce genes and mechanisms required during murine typhoid, typhoid fever, and bovine enteritis. Comparison of illnesses caused in different animal hosts identifies virulence mechanisms involved in species specific disease manife stations. The determination of the relative importance of virulence factors for disease manifestations in different host species provides an important link between the in vitro characterization of genes and their role during host pathogen interaction.