A test of policy labels in environmental choice modelling studies

Citation
Rk. Blamey et al., A test of policy labels in environmental choice modelling studies, ECOL ECON, 32(2), 2000, pp. 269-286
Citations number
42
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Environment/Ecology,Economics
Journal title
ECOLOGICAL ECONOMICS
ISSN journal
0921-8009 → ACNP
Volume
32
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
269 - 286
Database
ISI
SICI code
0921-8009(200002)32:2<269:ATOPLI>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
A question that arises in the application of environmental choice modelling (CM) studies is whether to present the choice sets in a generic or labelle d form. The former involves labelling the policy options to be presented to respondents in a generic way, for example, as 'option A','option B', etc. The labelled approach assigns alternative-specific descriptors to each opti on. These may relate to the names of proposed policies, different locations or any other policy-relevant details. Both approaches have their advantage s. A potential advantage of using alternative-specific labels is that respo ndents may be better able to base their choices on the true policy context. This can increase predictive validity whilst at the same lime reducing the cognitive burden of the CM exercise. A potential advantage of the generic labelling approach is that respondents may be less inclined to base their c hoices wholly or largely on the labels, and as a consequence, may provide b etter information regarding trade-offs among attributes. The two approaches to choice set design are compared in the context of a CM study of the valu es of remnant vegetation in the Desert Uplands of Central Queensland. Resul ts indicate a difference in the cognitive processes generated by choice mod els using the different approaches. This difference is reflected in both th e alternative-specific constants and the taste parameters, and cannot be ac counted for by differences in error variance across the two treatments. The implications for environmental valuation are discussed. (C) 2000 Elsevier Science B.V. All rights reserved.