Growth characteristics of freshwater pearl mussels, Margaritifera margaritifera (L.)

Citation
Lc. Hastie et al., Growth characteristics of freshwater pearl mussels, Margaritifera margaritifera (L.), FRESHW BIOL, 43(2), 2000, pp. 243-256
Citations number
31
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aquatic Sciences
Journal title
FRESHWATER BIOLOGY
ISSN journal
0046-5070 → ACNP
Volume
43
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
243 - 256
Database
ISI
SICI code
0046-5070(200002)43:2<243:GCOFPM>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
1. Shell growth in the freshwater pearl mussel, Margaritifera margaritifera , was investigated. Three non-linear growth models (i.e. power, logistic an d von Bertalanffy) were fitted to Scottish length-at-age data sets and comp ared. 2. Overall, the von Bertalanffy model outperformed the other two approaches , generating the smallest residuals in eight out of 11 samples (the logisti c model provided slightly better fits to the other three). It was concluded that individual M. margaritifera appear to grow in an approximately asympt otic fashion and that the von Bertalanffy equation is an appropriate growth model to fit to freshwater pearl mussel length-at-age data. 3. The ranges in von Bertalanffy parameter estimates observed (k = 0.023-0. 075 year(-1), L-infinity = 77-158 mm, t(o) = -3.93-4.33 years) are typical of those reported in northern European populations. 4. Most of the populations investigated had relatively low k-values and hig h maximum age (A(max)) estimates. This feature, which suggests high long-te rm productivity and less vulnerability to decline (i.e. larger, longer-livi ng mussels produce more offspring), may be a reason why these populations h ave survived until now. The population which appears to be the most vulnera ble (i.e. which has the highest k and lowest A(max)) is probably not recrui ting adequately at present. 5. An index of absolute growth (mean shell length-at-age) was also used for comparing different populations. Observed between- and within-river differ ences in mussel growth patterns may be associated with a number of environm ental factors, particularly water temperature and productivity. 6. A significant positive relationship between river length and mean mussel length-at-age was observed. In general, mussels grow large in large, cold rivers and vice versa, although there are exceptions which suggest that add itional factors may be involved.