Hematopoietic-specific expression of MEFV, the gene mutated in familial Mediterranean fever, and subcellular localization of its corresponding protein, pyrin

Citation
N. Tidow et al., Hematopoietic-specific expression of MEFV, the gene mutated in familial Mediterranean fever, and subcellular localization of its corresponding protein, pyrin, BLOOD, 95(4), 2000, pp. 1451-1455
Citations number
17
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Hematology,"Cardiovascular & Hematology Research
Journal title
BLOOD
ISSN journal
0006-4971 → ACNP
Volume
95
Issue
4
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1451 - 1455
Database
ISI
SICI code
0006-4971(20000215)95:4<1451:HEOMTG>2.0.ZU;2-B
Abstract
Familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) is a recessively inherited disorder char acterized by recurrent, self-limited attacks of fever and serositis and by infiltration of affected tissues by large numbers of neutrophils. A candida te gene for FMF was identified by positional cloning and named "MEFV." The corresponding protein was named "pyrin." To elucidate the currently unknown function of pyrin, we characterized its tissue distribution, regulation of expression during hematopoietic differentiation, and subcellular localizat ion. Reverse transcription-polymerase chain reaction analysis, followed by hybridization with an internal oligonucleotide, demonstrated expression of MEFV in different populations of peripheral blood cells, Among hematopoieti c cell lines, MEFV was almost exclusively expressed in cells of the myeloid lineage. Furthermore, MEFV messenger RNA was strongly expressed within 24 hours of dimethyl sulfoxide-induced granulocytic differentiation of HL-60 c ells. Analysis of complementary DNA from human solid tumor-derived cell lin es revealed expression of MEFV in several cell lines derived from colon and prostate cancers. Expression of MEFV fused to enhanced green fluorescent p rotein showed that pyrin localized in distinct patches in the cytoplasm, fo rming a perinuclear cap. Taken together, MEFV is predominantly expressed in myeloid cells and upregulated during myeloid differentiation, and the corr esponding protein, pyrin, is expressed in the cytoplasm, (C) 2000 by The Am erican Society of Hematology.