Heterogeneity of Taiwan's indigenous population: possible relation to prehistoric Mongoloid dispersals

Citation
M. Lin et al., Heterogeneity of Taiwan's indigenous population: possible relation to prehistoric Mongoloid dispersals, TISSUE ANTI, 55(1), 2000, pp. 1-9
Citations number
27
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
TISSUE ANTIGENS
ISSN journal
0001-2815 → ACNP
Volume
55
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1 - 9
Database
ISI
SICI code
0001-2815(200001)55:1<1:HOTIPP>2.0.ZU;2-0
Abstract
Taiwan's 9 indigenous tribes (Tsou, Bunun, Paiwan, Rukai, Atayal, Saisiat, Ami, Puyuma, Yami) are highly homogeneous within each tribe, but diversifie d among the different tribes due to long-term isolation, most probably sinc e Taiwan became an island about 12,000 years ago. Homogeneity of each tribe is evidenced by many HLA-A,B,C alleles having the world's highest ever rep orted frequencies, e.g. A24 (86.3%), A26 (18.8%), Cw10 (36.8%), Cw7 (66%), Cw8 (32.1%), B13 (27.9%), B62 (37.4%), B75 (18%) B39 (53.5%), B60 (33.3%), and B48 (24%). Also, all of these tribes have HLA class I haplotype frequen cies greater than 10%, with A24-Cw7- Research Laboratory, B39 in Saisiat (4 4.5%) being the highest, suggesting Taiwan's indigenous tribes are probably the most homogeneous ( the "purest") population in the world, A24-Cw8-B48, A24-Cw10-B60 and A24-Cw9-B61 found common to many Taiwan indigenous tribes , have also been observed in Maori, Papua New Guinea Highlanders, Orochons, Mongolians, Inuit, Japanese, Man, Buryat, Yakut, Tlingit, Tibetans and Tha is. These findings suggest Taiwan's indigenous groups are more or less gene tically related to both northern and southern Asians. Principal component a nalysis and the phylogenetic tree (using the neighbor-joining method) showe d close relationship between the indigenous groups and Oceanians. This rela tionship supports the hypothesis that Taiwan was probably on the route of p rehistoric Mongoloid dispersals that most likely took place along the coast al lowland of the Asian continent (which is under the sea today). Cultural anthropology also suggests a relationship between Taiwan's indigenous tribe s and southern Asians and to a lesser extent, northern Asians. However, the indigenous groups show little genetic relationship to current southern and northern Han Chinese.