Type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis in a renal allograft: A recurrence induced by a cytomegalovirus infection?

Citation
Mb. Andresdottir et al., Type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis in a renal allograft: A recurrence induced by a cytomegalovirus infection?, AM J KIDNEY, 35(2), 2000, pp. E6-E12
Citations number
17
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Urology & Nephrology
Journal title
AMERICAN JOURNAL OF KIDNEY DISEASES
ISSN journal
0272-6386 → ACNP
Volume
35
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
E6 - E12
Database
ISI
SICI code
0272-6386(200002)35:2<E6:TIMGIA>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
A 40-year-old white woman with end-stage renal disease from idiopathic type I membranoproliferative glomerulonephritis (MPGN) developed proteinuria an d renal dysfunction 7 weeks after cadaveric donor renal transplantation. At the same time, a primary cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection was diagnosed. Co mplement levels were low, A renal biopsy disclosed an acute exudative proli ferative glomerulonephritis with influx of polymorphonuclear granulocytes ( PMNs), with granular deposits of C3, C1q, IgG, and IgM. The immunofluoresce nce (IF) and electron microscopy (EM) findings were compatible with an earl y stage of a type I MPGN. CMV could not be detected in the glomeruli nor el sewhere in the kidney by IF or EM. The patient was treated with ganciclovir . In a renal biopsy 3 weeks later, the exudative lesions had disappeared, a nd some glomeruli now showed the characteristic lesions of a type I MPGN wi th an increase of mesangial cells and matrix, and reduplication of the glom erular basement membrane. Over the following period, repeated biopsies were performed. The activity of the glomerular inflammation and immune complex deposits paralleled the waxing and waning of the CMV viral load. After 10.5 months, the graft was removed because of a life-threatening systemic funga l infection. At that time, the CMV infection had cleared, and in the transp lantectomy material, the membranoproliferative pattern of injury had disapp eared, and in the glomeruli hardly any deposits were found. These data stro ngly suggest that a primary CMV virus infection can induce an apparent recu rrence of type I MPGN. (C) 2000 by the National Kidney Foundation, Inc.