Optimising recycling effort: An evaluation of local authority PCW recycling initiatives

Citation
J. Butler et P. Hooper, Optimising recycling effort: An evaluation of local authority PCW recycling initiatives, SUSTAIN DEV, 7(1), 1999, pp. 35-46
Citations number
19
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
EnvirnmentalStudies Geografy & Development
Journal title
SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT
ISSN journal
0968-0802 → ACNP
Volume
7
Issue
1
Year of publication
1999
Pages
35 - 46
Database
ISI
SICI code
0968-0802(199902)7:1<35:OREAEO>2.0.ZU;2-L
Abstract
Pressure to divert post-consumer waste (PCW) from landfill has focused on r ecycling and, to a lesser extent, incineration with energy recovery. Waste collection authorities (WCAs) seeking to minimize costs have favoured the u se of centralized rather than localized recycling options. This paper compa res the environmental burdens associated with various collection options fo r recyclables. It shows that, whilst kerbside collection offers considerabl e environmental advantages over bring/drop-off schemes, using the more loca lized options within the bring/drop-off category leads to significant envir onmental benefits. By contrast, the costs incurred by WCAs in establishing and running recycling schemes tend to increase the more localized the facil ities. It concludes that additional financial incentives have to be introdu ced to facilitate the move towards more localized environmentally benign re cycling schemes. Copyright (C) 1999 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd and ERP Environm ent.