Influence of maternal smoking on autonomic nervous system in healthy infants

Citation
P. Franco et al., Influence of maternal smoking on autonomic nervous system in healthy infants, PEDIAT RES, 47(2), 2000, pp. 215-220
Citations number
62
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Pediatrics,"Medical Research General Topics
Journal title
PEDIATRIC RESEARCH
ISSN journal
0031-3998 → ACNP
Volume
47
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
215 - 220
Database
ISI
SICI code
0031-3998(200002)47:2<215:IOMSOA>2.0.ZU;2-D
Abstract
To determine the influence of maternal smoking on autonomic nervous system in healthy infants, 36 infants were recorded polygraphically for one night. Their mothers were defined, according to their smoking frequency during pr egnancy, as "nonsmokers" (no cigarettes smoked during pregnancy) or "smoker s" (10 or more cigarettes per day). The infants had a median postnatal age of 10.5 wk (range 6 to 16 wk); 18 were born to nonsmokers, and 18 to smoker s. During the whole night, spectral analyses of heart rate (HR) were evalua ted as a function of sleep stages. Two major peaks were recognizable: a low -frequency component (LF) related to sympathetic and parasympathetic activi ties and a high-frequency component (HF) reflecting parasympathetic tonus. The ratio of LF/HF powers was calculated as an index of sympathovagal inter action. In REM sleep, "smokers" infants were characterized by significantly lower HF powers and normalized HF powers, and higher LF/HF ratios than "no nsmokers." The finding did not reach statistical significance in NREM sleep . In conclusion, maternal smoking induced changes in autonomic control and maturation in infants. These effects of cigarette smoke exposure can be add ed to those already reported and offer additional evidence for counseling m others to stop smoking.