Effect of nitric oxide synthase inhibitors on ovum transport and oviductalsmooth muscle activity in the rat oviduct

Citation
Sp. Martinez et al., Effect of nitric oxide synthase inhibitors on ovum transport and oviductalsmooth muscle activity in the rat oviduct, J REPR FERT, 118(1), 2000, pp. 111-117
Citations number
38
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
da verificare
Journal title
JOURNAL OF REPRODUCTION AND FERTILITY
ISSN journal
0022-4251 → ACNP
Volume
118
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
111 - 117
Database
ISI
SICI code
0022-4251(200001)118:1<111:EONOSI>2.0.ZU;2-C
Abstract
The effect of the inhibition of nitric oxide synthase (NOS) on ovum transpo rt and oviductal motility in rats was investigated. Three different NOS inh ibitors were injected into the ovarian bursa at oestrus or day 3 of pregnan cy. Oviducts and uteri were flushed 24 h later and the presence of ova was recorded. In oestrous and pregnant rats, treatment resulted in accelerated egg transport, as shown by a decrease in the number of ova present in the o viducts. In cyclic rats, intrabursal injection of 1 mg kg(-1) of either N-m onomethyl-L-arginine (L-NMMA) or N-omega nitro-L-arginine methyl ester (L-N AME) elicited a 30% reduction in the number of ova present in the oviducts, whereas in pregnant animals, the same dose of L-NMMA produced a reduction of 40%. Simultaneous administration of the NO donor spermine NONOate (5 mg kg(-1)) completely reversed the effect of L-NMMA. Tubal motility was assess ed by microsphere displacement analysis within the oviduct. Surrogate ova w ere transferred to the oviductal lumen at oestrus and 24 h later the effect of intraoviductal injection of 1 mu g L-NMMA or vehicle was assessed. The microspheres in the isthmus showed an oscillating motion, and periods in wh ich movement was not detectable. However, L-NMMA treatment produced a 3.6-f old increase in the maximum instant velocities and a significant reduction in the resting periods of the microspheres compared with the control group (P < 0.001). These results provide evidence that NO inhibition increases tu bal motility that results in accelerated ovum transport, and indicate that NO could act as a paracrine signal between different layers of the oviducta l wall, providing a role for endogenous NO in regulation of tubal function.