On the role of hydroxyl radical and the effect of tetrandrine on nuclear factor-kappa B activation by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate

Citation
Jp. Ye et al., On the role of hydroxyl radical and the effect of tetrandrine on nuclear factor-kappa B activation by phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate, ANN CLIN L, 30(1), 2000, pp. 65-71
Citations number
24
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Research/Laboratory Medicine & Medical Tecnology","Medical Research Diagnosis & Treatment
Journal title
ANNALS OF CLINICAL AND LABORATORY SCIENCE
ISSN journal
0091-7370 → ACNP
Volume
30
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
65 - 71
Database
ISI
SICI code
0091-7370(200001)30:1<65:OTROHR>2.0.ZU;2-1
Abstract
Nuclear factor kappa B (NF-kappa B) is considered to be an important target for therapeutic intervention because of its role in the regulation of proi nflammatory and profibrotic mediators. The present study examined the role of hydroxyl (. OH) radical and the effect of tetrandrine, an alkaloid extra cted from the Chinese medicinal herb Stephania tetrandra, on NF-kappa B act ivation by a tumor promoter, phorbol 12-myristate 13-acetate (PMA) in human lymphoid T cells (ie, Jurkat cells). Exogenous superoxide dismutase (SOD) enhanced the NF-kappa B activation by PMA, while catalase blocked it. Forma te, a scavenger of . OH radical, also was inhibitory, as was deferoxamine, a metal chelator. These data suggest an important role of . OH radical in P MA-induced NF-kappa B activation. Incubation of the cells with tetrandrine prior to the stimulation of the cells was found to inhibit PMA-induced NF-k appa B activation. Tetrandrine activity was so potent that 50 mu M of tetra ndrine was sufficient to inhibit activation of NF-kappa B completely Electr on spin resonance (ESR) spin trapping was used to investigate the antioxida nt action of tetrandrine using 5,5-dimethyl-1-pyrroline N-oxide (DMPO) as a spin trap. Tetrandrine is an antioxidant for both . OH and superoxide (O-2 (-))radicals. The reaction rate constant of tetrandrine with . OH is 1.4 x 10(10) M-1 sec(-1), which is comparable with several well established antio xidants, such as ascorbate, glutathione, and cysteine. The Fenton reaction (Fe(II) + H2O2 --> Fe(III) + . OH + OH-) and xanthine/xanthine oxidase were used as sources of . OH and O-2(-) radicals. The free radical scavenging a ctivity of tetrandrine is responsible for its inhibition of PMA-induced NF- kappa B activation.