Anatomic basis of safe percutaneous subclavian venous catheterization

Citation
Bk. Tan et al., Anatomic basis of safe percutaneous subclavian venous catheterization, J TRAUMA, 48(1), 2000, pp. 82-86
Citations number
22
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Aneshtesia & Intensive Care
Volume
48
Issue
1
Year of publication
2000
Pages
82 - 86
Database
ISI
SICI code
Abstract
Background: The technique of percutaneous catheterization of the subclavian vein by the infraclavicular approach is dependent on the location of the s ubclavian vein in relation to the clavicle, The purpose of this study was t o analyze the anatomic relationship between these two structures and how it is influenced by changes in shoulder positioning. Methods: Dissections of the infraclavicular region were performed in seven fresh cadavers and linear measurements made to determine the extent of over lap between the vein and the clavicle in different shoulder positions. Results: When the shoulder was in neutral position, the subclavian vein was overlapped by the medial third or more of the clavicle and this segment of bone was able to serve as a land-mark For the vein, However, shoulder elev ation displaced the clavicle cephalad and reduced the degree of overlap, Mi ld shoulder retraction increased the area of contact between the vein and t he undersurface of the clavicle, whereas protraction lifted the clavicle of f the vein. Conclusion: Infraclavicular subclavian venipuncture should be performed wit h shoulders in a neutral position and also in slight retraction. An appreci ation of the anatomic relationship between the clavicle and the subclavian vein is the key to successful execution of this technique.