Activation of the potato tuber ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase by thioredoxin

Citation
Ma. Ballicora et al., Activation of the potato tuber ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase by thioredoxin, J BIOL CHEM, 275(2), 2000, pp. 1315-1320
Citations number
30
Language
INGLESE
art.tipo
Article
Categorie Soggetti
Biochemistry & Biophysics
Journal title
JOURNAL OF BIOLOGICAL CHEMISTRY
ISSN journal
0021-9258 → ACNP
Volume
275
Issue
2
Year of publication
2000
Pages
1315 - 1320
Database
ISI
SICI code
0021-9258(20000114)275:2<1315:AOTPTA>2.0.ZU;2-Q
Abstract
The potato tuber (Solanum tuberosum L,) ADP-glucose pyrophosphorylase (ADP- GlcPPase) catalyzes the first committed step in starch biosynthesis, The ma in type of regulation of this enzyme is allosteric, and its activity is con trolled by the ratio of activator, 3-phosphoglycerate to inhibitor, P-i. It was reported (Fu, Y,, Ballicora, M, A., Leykam, J, F,, and Preiss, J, (199 8) J, Biol, Chem, 273, 25045-25052) that the enzyme was activated by reduct ion of the Cys(12) disulfide Linkage present in the catalytic subunits, In this study, both reduced thioredoxin f and m from spinach (Spinacia olerace a) leaves reduced and activated the enzyme at low concentrations (10 mu M) of activator (3-phosphoglycerate), Fifty percent activation was at 4.5 and 8.7 mu M for reduced thioredoxin f and m, respectively, and 2 orders of mag nitude lower than for dithiothreitol, The activation was reversed by oxidiz ed thioredoxin. Cys(12) is conserved in the ADP-GlcPPases from plant leaves and other tissues except for the monocot endosperm enzymes. We postulate t hat in photosynthetic tissues, reduction could play a role in the fine regu lation of the ADP-GlcPPase mediated by the ferredoxin-thioredoxin system. T his is the first time that a covalent mechanism of regulation is postulated in the synthesis of starch.