The objective of this study was to identify the major parameters controllin
g DNA delivery by particle bombardment to wheat (Triticum aestivum L.) scut
ellum and inflorescence tissue. The main factors studied were the DNA/gold
precipitation process, bombardment parameters and tissue culture variables.
Efficiency of DNA (uidA gene) delivery was assessed by scoring transient G
US expression in bombarded tissues. Of the parameters analysed, amount of p
lasmid DNA, spermidine concentration, presence of Catt ions, calcium chlori
de concentration, amount of gold particles, gold particle size, acceleratio
n pressure, chamber vacuum pressure, bombardment distance, osmotic conditio
ning of tissues and type of auxin had a clear influence on transient gene e
xpression. A bombardment procedure suitable for elite wheat varieties was d
eveloped which allowed high-efficiency DNA delivery combined with reduced d
amage to target tissues.